How can we translate unruly politics into other languages?


Coming to the end of the MA course, my mind has been travelling all over the world with mixed feeling. While imagining going back to Korea, this question came aross in my mind: how can I translate unruly politics in Korean?  Definately, my family and friends will ask me about what I studied here in UK. I will proudly say about Unruly Politics to them for sure. But, how in my language???

I personally think bringing these learning into my language at some point is one of my responsibility. The resposibility for having this opportunity of learning! These learning should not be buried here. It shoud sprout a new leaves in the place where I will go.

Having thought about this, the idea of translating unruly politics into other languages came up along. I asked to my friends and colleagues who has understanding about unruly politics their contribution to translate it. actually, I asked them two things:

1. Translate the word “unruly politics” into your language;

2. Translate the concept or your understanding of “unruly politics” into your language.

So, here we have translation into 7 different languages!!! Hindi, Spanish, Turkish, Japaness, Arabic, Catalan and Korean!!! The translations are all from native speakers. I would love to say thank you again for those who contributed to realize this idea. So, for now it is your turn to engage in this project you people!! Please make this project alive through your comment and coversation. If you speak any these 7 languages, please share your opinion. And if you speak any other language, please contribute to translate unruly politics into your language now and here!!



1. अनियंत्रित राजनीति
2. अनियंत्रित राजनीति, राज्य और नागरिकों के बीच एक नयी भाषा बनाता है जो राज्य अनुमित क्या स्वीकार या अस्वीकार है उसे चुनौती देता है। ( Unruly politics creates a new language of engagement between the state and citizens that challenges what is acceptable and unacceptable.)


1. ‘las políticas de la indisciplina’, las políticas ‘de lo turbulento’

2. Las políticas de la indisciplicina o de lo turbulento tienen que ver con la posibilidad de ensanchar la realidad, de romper los márgenes de la realidad que existe para explorar espacios, medidas, realidades, normativas que no pueden ser imaginadas porque no han existido antes. Y se produce a través de un momento de ruptura, de indisciplina, con lo conocido.


1. Sivil İtaetsizlik

2. Sivil iteatsizlik; politik sistemin devlet aygıtlarıyla karşılık veremeyeceği ya da karşılık vermede zorlanacağı yöntemlerdir. Mizah bunlara iyi bir örnek olabilir, her ne kadar ülkemizde mizahçılar hakaret suçu altında yargılanabiliyor olsa bile, etki gücü bakımından ve direk olarak cezai bir eyleme tabi değildir. Bu yüzden mizah çok güçlü sistem dışı bir eylem aracına dönüşebilir.

1- 従わない政治
2- 生活の中に決められたルールがたくさんある。けど時々「あれ?」ってなる。そのモヤモヤを自分のやり方で表に出す事が従わない政治であり、当事者になること。いわゆる政治家とはやり方の異なる方法で政治に取り組むこと。



1- السياسة خارج القواع

2-السياسة خارج القواعد هي محاولة لفهم اسباب خروج المواطنين و تحديهم للقواعد و القوانين التي ترسمها اي سلطة حاكمة



1. Política transgressora.

2. És l’organitzaciö de les masses en contra d’una política restrictiva i ideada per afavorir a una minoria adinerada. En aquest moviment es busca el conflicte pacific per mostrar la disconformitat en les polítiques actuals als dirigents i més important, obrir els ulls a les classes mitges i sense recursos, per unir forces i tindre una opció real de canvi.



1. 비규범화 정치
2. 보통 정치는 규범화된 틀에서 이루어지기 마련이다. 하지만 현실에선 모든 사람이 그 규범화된 틀에서 자기 목소리를 낼수 있는 건 아니다. 규범의 틀에서 목소리를 낼 수 없는 사람들이 자기가 있는 곳에서 자기만의 방법과 생각으로 자기 목소리를 낼 때 기존정치의 틀은 조금씩 깨어지기 시작한다. 이렇듯, 현실 즉 비규범화된 정치의 영역에서 자신만의 방법으로 자신의 목소리를 내는 것, 그것이 바로 비규범화 정치의 핵심이라고 할 수 있다.


A letter to J

Usually, you’ve hated politics because you think the politicians make you sick and you feel vulnerable to make your own voice alone.. so you haven’t even gone to the poll nowadays, I know..

Now, I invite you to a new way of seeing and engaging with politics, which is called “Unruly Politics”.

Reason why I’m writing this letter to you, introducing unruly politics, is I have discovered it is a brilliant way to make our voice heard out of a box, using what I have got like my mobile, my music, my body or my spirit. Oh, in your case, your camera!!

Unruly politics let me be myself.

Later, you might think it’s just disappointing because it takes time to see a change. In the middle of doing what you are believing you might feel uncertainty, finding yourself standing on the threshold.

You are right.. you cannot see explicitly the outcome of what you are doing.


Personaly, I have struggled for same question, asking myself: that’s it? just being happy with what I am doing what I believe??

Or, actually am I chasing a mirage.. and going to be ended up awaking from an illusion??

Literally, you cannot figure it out at the moment.

I know that…

Though you cannot see it at that moment,  you will see sooner or later that actually you are breaking down the boundary, extending the space of margin and making politics more inclusive.

Indeed, while you are doing what you believe to make your voice heard, the box which has existed has been ruptured.

Cameras! Take your cameras now!!

Start to click the shutter!!


Human cannot protest but Ghost can!

When we talk about the future world, it said there will be fewer things for human to do because of highly developed technology. Well, looking at what has happened in Korea on February 2016, it seems fair to say that. South Korean let hologram do protest instead of doing by themselves. Someone might say, ‘Wow, how technologically developed country Korea is!!’ or ‘How lazy people they are’??


In fact, it is not one or the other. I will say it was a FANTASTIC UNRULY ACTION! Here it is the story how this fantastic unruly action had emerged. Since the tragic accident of Sewol ferry happened in 2014, killing 304 people who were mostly high school students, there have been arisen a lot of demonstrations against the current president Park Geun-hye and the government, in Korea. Responding to the rising protest against current government, the Korean authority has oppressed brutally to the civil protesters. Korean police have used water cannons and chemical irritants on the protesters, which is it has been barely seen in 15 years before current presidency. Moreover, government prohibited any rally near the presidential Blue House without permission.

Anti-government protesters shelter from a water cannon deployed by riot police in Seoul on November 14, 2015. Tens of thousands of people took to the streets in central Seoul in a massive protest against the conservative government’s drive for labour reform and state-issued history textbooks. AFP PHOTO / Ed Jones

Acknowledging increasing restrictions on freedom of rally, Amnesty International Korea has decided to hold a rally against this current violation of the freedom of assembly. They asked permission to hold a rally but police denied permission to protest because they believed a rally would cause serious traffic and other disruption to the surrounding residential neighbourhood. That’s why Korea activists thought they need something creative to be heard their voice under the current brutal climate.

They remembered the Spanish activist had used hologram recently in Madrid to protest against similar situation restricting freedom of rally around government buildings and decided to try it in Korea. So they ask the authority once again permission for visual art exhibition, instead of asking permission for democratic rally, at one of the city’s most iconic locations which is against the backdrop of Seoul’s ancient Gyeongbok Palace. And they’ve got the permission for this time. HaHa!!

This is one of the cases showing exactly how people engage with “unruly politics”. Indeed, there are countless situations around the world where people are faced with difficulty to make their voice be heard within a frame of regular politics. In doing so, people think how to make their voice be heard and try something different. Sometimes it stands on the boundary between legal and illegal. And sometime people just use their creativity even they need to be a ghost to protest like this case. Particularly, in this case, technology and social media played a significant role to make it happen actually. Let’s see what they did actually to prepare this event of Ghost protest.

Process of making hologram@Amnesty International Korea

Tom Rainey Smith (2016), a campaigner for Amnesty International Korea, explains us a process of ogarnising the ghost protest in Korea. “First, we put word out online and through social media that we will be hosting a “ghost” protest calling on the government to respect the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and invited the public to participate. People could do so by either coming into a studio to be filmed, sending to us a voice recording, or texting us a protest message. The response was fantastic! We received numerous voice recordings and over 130 text messages. More than 120 people also joined us in the studio to be filmed marching, dancing, singing and chanting against a green screen. Their recorded images would go on to make up the “phantom” protestors at our march.”

As we see, using social media they could spread the idea and gather participants for the ghost protest. Posting an idea and getting the responds are our daily life in the contemporary world. And this is very powerful and useful way to make our voice and band together feeling solidarity in daily life. Through this daily life activity, actually we all are engaging with unruly politics at some level. In light of this, unruly politics is not an alien concept exists in other world. It is just living in our daily life.



BBC (2016) “South Koreans stage rights ‘ghost protest’ in Seoul”, BBC, [online] Available at:<; [Accessed 22 March 2016].

Haraway, D. (1991) “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century,” in Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature, New York: Routledge, pp.149-181.

Ma, A. (2016) “South Koreans, Banned From Protesting, Plan ‘Ghost Rally’ With Holograms”, The World Post, [online] Available at:<; [Accessed 22 March 2016].

Smith, T. R. (2016) “Ghosts Assemble for Freedom in South Korea”, Amnesty International, [online] Available at:<; [Accessed 17 Feb 2016].